Anti-America and Aid Korea in Cultural Relics ⑦: Commemorative Medals in the Period of Resisting U.S. Aid Korea
In each medal, it is a heavy commemoration and a prayer for eternal peace. Today, please follow the Nanchang August Uprising Memorial Hall to learn about the series of commemorative medals to resist US aggression and aid Korea, approach the blood and fire of the war, and remember the merits and glory of the soldiers.
"Resistance America and Aid Korea Commemorative Medal"
The medal is made of bronze, with a diameter of 4.2cm. The main body is a five-pointed star with radiating light. The five corners of the five-pointed star are inlaid with enamel. The back of the medal is engraved with the words "Gift from the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference" and the year number "1951". The medal is hung on a red plain silk sash and is worn on the placket with a pin.
The "Resist America and Aid Korea Medal" was issued by the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and was one of the two national medals issued during the period of Resist America and Aid Korea. In October 1951, on the eve of the third session of the First National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, Guo Moruo, Chen Shutong, Vice Chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, and Peng Zhen, Secretary of the Beijing Municipal Committee of the Communist Party of China, jointly wrote a letter to Mao Zedong, Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and Chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference. Internationally issued commemorative medals to resist U.S. aggression and aid Korea.
Chairman Mao Zedong agreed after receiving the letter. According to the proposals of Guo Moruo, Chen Shutong and Peng Zhen, the third session of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference made the commemorative medals to resist US aggression and aid Korea, and issued them to the following people who participated in the resistance to US aggression and aid Korea: all personnel of the Chinese People's Volunteers who participated in the war to resist US aggression and aid Korea in North Korea. ; Chinese medical staff, railways, transportation, translation and armistice negotiations, militiamen, migrant workers and their cadres, journalists, writers, photographers and filmmakers who served in the Korean War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea; , sick, disabled, or the above-mentioned persons who have returned to their home country due to the expiration of their service period.
The medals were issued in two batches, thin and thick. Each batch issued more than one million pieces, and a total of more than 2.5 million pieces were awarded. Among them, the thin type was manufactured in 1951, and the thick type was manufactured in 1952.
"Long Live Peace Medal"
The "Long Live Peace Medal" is made of copper and enamel, and is divided into two sizes. The large diameter is 4.6cm and the small diameter is 3.9cm. They are awarded to volunteer army officers and volunteer army soldiers respectively. The shape is a pentagon composed of five big horns and five small horns. The main picture in the middle is a dove of peace flying with its wings spread out in a round red paint. The words "Long Live Peace" are engraved on it. The outer ring and the surface of the dove are gilded. On the back, there are three lines engraved with the inscriptions "Memorial of Resisting U.S. Aggression and Aid Korea", "Gift from the Chinese People's Consolation Mission to the DPRK" and "1953.10.25". The dove of peace pattern on the face of the chapter is based on the poster "Dove of Peace" drawn by the famous Spanish painter Picasso for the World Peace Conference in 1952.
The "Long Live Peace Medal" was produced and presented by the 3rd "Chinese People's Delegation to North Korea". During the War to Resist U.S. Aggression and Aid Korea, organized three "Chinese people's condolences to the DPRK". The third "Chinese people's condolences to the DPRK", headed by He Long, consists of eight sub-groups with more than 5,000 people. It brings together representatives of outstanding figures from all walks of life from all over the country to visit the DPRK. biggest. In October 1953, the third "Chinese People's Consolation Mission to the DPRK" went to the DPRK and presented the "Long Live Peace Medal" to the millions of volunteer officers and soldiers in the DPRK at that time on behalf of the Chinese government and people.
"In 1953, the Chinese condolences to the DPRK
The Memorial Medal for Resisting US Aggression and Aid Korea presented by the East China General Branch"
The medallion is made of metal and has a circular shape. The front is engraved with the portrait of Mao Zedong on the left side. The back is engraved with the words "1953" and "The East China Branch of the Chinese People's Consolation Mission to the DPRK", and a pin is designed for wearing. The East China General Branch is one of the eight general branches of the 3rd "Chinese People's Consolation Mission to North Korea". The head of the group is Wu Kejian, Secretary General of the East China Military and Political Commission. In October 1953, the East China General Branch went to the DPRK to express condolences to the North Korean soldiers and civilians in six counties including Pingkang, Sepo, and Icheon in Gangwon Province, as well as the volunteer troops and artillery troops guarding the front lines of Shangganling and "Dingzishan", and presented commemorative medals. To volunteer soldiers.
Text: Former Site of He Long Headquarters Zhang Lidan