Anti-US and Aid Korea in Cultural Relics 4: Newspaper clippings presented to the heroes of Shangganling in 1952 by the Women's High School Affiliated to Normal University
"Majestic, high-spirited, crossing the Yalu River; protecting peace, defending the motherland, protecting the hometown..." Whenever this passionate song sounds, the thrilling pictures of resisting US aggression and aiding Korea will flash in our minds , makes people think a lot. Now in the Nanchang August Uprising Memorial Hall, there is a collection of newspaper clippings presented to the heroes of Shangganling. The newspaper clippings may seem ordinary, but they are full of the incomparable respect of all the teachers and students of the Girls' High School attached to the Normal University for the volunteers who sacrificed their lives and fought bloody battles in the Shangganling Battle.
The picture shows the newspaper clippings presented to the heroes of Shangganling in 1952
This newspaper clipping book is horizontal and long. The bottom of the cover is a pink hard shell with green leaves and safflower patterns pasted on the top. There are three holes on the left that are bound with dark blue cloth tapes. Turning from left to right, there are three vertical lines of text on the back of the cover. "To the heroes who fought in Shangganling", "Group 15 of the High School Affiliated to Normal University Girls' High School"; the whole pictorial booklet has 19 pages, and each page has clippings of newspapers and periodicals with text such as Mao Zedong, Stalin, and Peace Dove, etc. pattern. This is a newspaper clipping book presented to the heroes of the Shangganling Campaign by the teachers and students of the third group of the No.
The Battle of Shangganling was a defensive operation carried out in the Shangganling area of Korea by the Chinese People's Volunteers in order to smash the frantic offensive of the "United Nations Army" led by the United States during the War to Resist U.S. Aggression and Aid Korea. It was also the hardest and most tragic battle of the Korean War.
Shangganling is the forward position of Wusheng Mountain, the strategic point of the central front of the Volunteer Army. It is located 4 kilometers south of the main peak of Wusheng Mountain. The small Shangganling is actually just a small village with a radius of no more than 3.7 square kilometers, but in such a position less than 3.7 square kilometers, the US military mobilized 60,000 regular troops, used 300 cannons, triggered 3,000 sorties, and threw 190 Thousands of shells.
The picture shows the super hero Huang Jiguang
On October 14, 1952, the "United Nations Army" launched the "Golden Offensive" on Shangganling. In order to smash the "Golden Offensive", the Volunteer Army carried out a defensive operation in three stages. On the evening of October 19, Huang Jiguang's 2nd Battalion was instructed to counterattack on the right-wing 597.9 high ground in Shangganling, and must occupy the position before dawn.
The picture shows the certificate of merit awarded to Huang Jiguang by the China New Democratic Youth League,
time is life. At a critical moment, Huang Jiguang stepped forward, put on a grenade, and led the two soldiers to climb towards the enemy's firepower. Facing the fierce fire of the enemy, he was fearless, endured the pain, and continued to move forward one step at a time. Due to the high firepower, Huang Jiguang was wounded again and fell down, but he still stubbornly climbed to the firepower, aimed at the muzzle of the enemy's flaming tongue, raised his chest, opened his arms, and pounced on it. Huang Jiguang used his young life to open up a path of victory for the troops. Inspired by Huang Jiguang's heroic feat, the troops followed the road that Huang Jiguang had crawled, and quickly occupied the position and wiped out the two battalions of the defending army. The Volunteers fought with the "United Nations Army" for 43 days and nights, and finally smashed the attack of the "United Nations Army" and won the victory of sticking to the defense.
The picture shows the white silk cloth commemorating the Battle of Shangganling presented to relatives in the motherland by Zhu Anle, the cooking squad leader of the Volunteer Army in February 1956
The fierce battle at Shangganling became a classic example of the War to Resist U.S. Aggression and Aid Korea, fully embodying the dedication of volunteer soldiers for the motherland, for the people, and for victory; indomitable, united fighting, and overcoming difficulties; heroic and tenacious, fighting resolutely, and fighting to the end. Victory spirit.
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